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                    Emperor Yongzheng - Aisin Gioro InJen

                                                                        (1678 - 1735)

The Yongzheng Emperor was the fifth emperor of the Manchu -led Qing Dynasty of China, and the third Qing emperor to rule over China proper. He was the "the Nine Lords' War" winner during the Kangxi reigned. He reigned from 1722 to 1735. he was a very hard-working ruler, Yongzheng's main goal was to create an effective government at minimal expense. Like his father, the Kangxi Emperor, Yongzheng used military force to preserve the dynasty's position. His reign was known for being despotic, efficient, and vigorous.

Although Yongzheng's reign was much shorter than that of both his father (the Kangxi Emperor) and his son (the Qianlong Emperoro)Yongzheng continued an era of peace and prosperity. He cracked down on corruption and reformed the financial administration.  His reign saw the formulation of the Grand Council, an institution which had an enormous impact on the future of the Qing dynasty.

The Yongzheng Emperor ruled the Qing Empire for 13 years before dying suddenly in 1735 at the age of 56.  He  devised a system for his successors to choose their heirs in secret. He wrote his chosen successor's name on two scrolls, placed one scroll in a sealed box and had the box stored behind the stele in the Qianqing Palace of Forbidden City. He kept the other copy with him or hid it. After his death, the officials would compare the scroll in the box with the copy he had kept. If they were deemed identical, the person whose name was on the paper would be the new emperor. he used this way successor to his fourth son Qinglong Emperor . 

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